Common Swimming Mistakes and How to Fix Them: A Guide to Improving Your Swim Technique

Common Swimming Mistakes and How to Fix Them: A Guide to Improving Your Swim Technique


Swimming is a fantastic full-body workout that engages muscles, improves cardiovascular health, and enhances overall fitness. However, mastering the art of swimming requires more than just jumping into the water and moving your arms and legs. Many swimmers, both beginners and experienced athletes, often make common mistakes that hinder their progress. In this blog, we will explore some of these mistakes and provide valuable tips on how to fix them, ensuring you make the most out of your time in the pool. 

  1. Poor Body Position

One of the most common mistakes swimmers make is improper body positioning. Whether it's a sagging lower body or a head held too high, poor body position increases drag, making it harder to move through the water efficiently.

Fix: Focus on maintaining a horizontal body position, keeping your head in line with your spine, and engaging your core muscles. Practice kicking drills with a kickboard to improve your body's alignment and reduce resistance.

  1. Inefficient Breathing

Inadequate breathing techniques can lead to fatigue and disrupt your rhythm. Holding your breath for too long or taking shallow breaths can decrease your endurance and overall performance.

Fix: Practice bilateral breathing, inhaling on both sides to balance your stroke. Exhale steadily while your face is submerged and take quick, deep breaths when you turn your head to breathe. Consistent, rhythmic breathing will improve your stamina and help you maintain a smooth swimming motion.

  1. Incorrect Arm Movements

Many swimmers struggle with incorrect arm movements, such as crossing over the centerline or overreaching, which results in wasted energy and reduced efficiency.

Fix: Focus on a proper arm pull technique. Your hands should enter the water directly in front of your shoulders and pull back in a straight line, following the contour of your body. Avoid crossing over, and maintain a high elbow position during the pull phase to maximize propulsion and reduce drag.

  1. Overuse of Kicking

While kicking is essential in swimming, relying solely on your legs for propulsion can lead to exhaustion. Inefficient kicking techniques, such as excessive splashing or a lack of ankle flexibility, can slow you down.

Fix: Balance your kick with proper arm movements. Use your legs to provide support and balance, rather than relying solely on them for speed. Practice flutter kicks and dolphin kicks to improve your leg strength and flexibility, focusing on streamlined kicks to minimize resistance.

  1. Lack of Consistency in Training

Consistency is key in any sport, and swimming is no exception. Irregular training schedules or sporadic practice sessions can hinder your progress and prevent you from developing muscle memory and endurance.

Fix: Establish a consistent training routine that includes regular swim sessions. Aim for at least 2-3 swimming workouts per week, focusing on drills, technique, and endurance. With consistent practice, you'll build confidence, improve your skills, and enhance your overall swimming performance.

  1. Ignoring the Benefits of Proper Gear

Wearing the right swim gear can significantly impact your performance in the water. A well-fitted wetsuit not only enhances buoyancy but also reduces drag, allowing you to glide through the water effortlessly.

Fix: Invest in a high-quality wetsuit like Sumarpo, certified by FINA, designed specifically for triathlon athletes. Sumarpo wetsuits offer superior flexibility, buoyancy, and durability, providing triathletes with the advantage they need during the swim segment of the race. By choosing Sumarpo wetsuits, you'll experience enhanced speed, improved efficiency, and increased comfort, ultimately boosting your confidence in the water.


Improving your swimming technique requires dedication, patience, and a willingness to identify and correct common mistakes. By focusing on proper body position, efficient breathing, correct arm movements, balanced kicking, and consistent training, you can overcome these challenges and become a more proficient swimmer. Additionally, investing in high-quality swim gear, such as Sumarpo wetsuits, can give you a competitive edge, allowing you to perform at your best during triathlon events.

Remember, practice, and perseverance are key to mastering the art of swimming. By addressing these common mistakes and incorporating the suggested fixes into your training regimen, you'll be well on your way to becoming a stronger, more confident swimmer. So, dive in, make the necessary adjustments, and enjoy the progress as you glide through the water with improved efficiency and skill.